Gingival contouring or gingival sculpting is the process of reshaping the gum (gingival) tissue around your teeth. This could be needed for cosmetic reasons or oral health reasons. The common aesthetic problems can be fixed with gingival sculpting include gummy smile, uneven gingival contours, the loss of papillae (small amount of tissue between teeth) and exposed root surfaces.
Gingival sculpting can also be used to reveal more teeth size if they look very small.
Gum reshaping alone is considered a cosmetic procedure. Most of the time, it is not medically necessary. Most people have their gums reshaped to improve the appearance of their smile. However, some people undergo gum contouring surgery as part of other necessary periodontal procedures, such as crown lengthening, pocket reduction, and regenerative procedures.